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There have been some great engineering achievements throughout the project. One of the highlights was the shipping of the quay cranes at 138 m tall across the ocean from Shanghai. The cranes, fully erect, were then unloaded from the ship to the quay using a system of pulleys so that they were positioned on the rails as seen today. First Quay cranes arriving at London Gateway from Shanghai All of this work has created a number of environmental challenges. The site is surrounded by areas that are environmentally sensitive, have high commercial value or are important to local communities. This article will explore some of these challenges and highlight the achievements made along the way. Marine aspects The natural environment associated with the lower Thames estuary is significant for several reasons including: fish nursery grounds and shellfisheries make the area attractive to a diverse commercial fishing industry historic shipping and human habitation increases the significance of shipwrecks and the presence of archaeology resources near to the site of London Gateway the intertidal habitats created along the estuary support internationally significant species, including wading bird populations. Ecological surveys being carried out at Stanford Wharf Nature Reserve An integrated environmental surveillance programme has been put in to place to protect these resources of economic and conservation significance. INfrastructure 4


evolutionwinter2013
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